Forms of Vaccine Support Designs
To stop the effects or spread of a disease through a vaccine a proper vaccine has to be in place for the specific disease that should have particular characteristics relating to the relevant disease. Moreover, vaccines should be designed in such a manner that they are against illness microbe only without affecting the body cells. For a vaccine to be effective it must have so crucial characteristics such as the ability to fight the harmful elements in the body cells and not harm other cells that are not affected by the virus or bacterium without altering their functionality. Additionally there are some factors that should be considered when coming up with an effective vaccine which should be how friendly the medicine is with other forms of treatment and the region the patients are in the world just to mention a few of the considerations.
There are a number of main forms of support vaccine medications that are: attenuated vaccine, conjugate vaccine, toxic vaccine, subunit vaccine and inactive vaccine just to mention a few that will be discussed below. The first type of vaccine is the attentive or live vaccine that is made in the lab for the purpose of learning by creating a weakened and is harmless to the body as it cannot cause illness but its present in the bodies system. To learn how a microbe functions in the body a similar environment is created in the lab for learning purposes where microbes are studied. The long run aim is to rate the amount of antibodies that the body can possibly release to fight the microbe and how to design a drug that can fight the disease with a few doses. A number of examples diseases are yellow fever, smallpox, measles, mumps, rubella, chickenpox and rotavirus.
The other form of support vaccines is the toxic vaccine caused by bacteria that produce harmful chemicals. Illness can be caused by the toxic substance secreted by the bacteria. Formaldehyde and sterilized water creates solution of formalin which can be used to treat inactive toxins. Antibodies are produced after immunization to fight toxic substances and stop productions of the toxic matter. Diphtheria and tetanus are some of the common produced toxic substance by the body.
Thirdly, when designing a conjugate vaccine the scientists link toxoids or antigens from a microbe to the immune system to recognize it to the polysaccharides where this linkage helps immature immune system like that of an infant to react to polysaccharide coating and defend that body against diseases caused by bacterium. A sugar molecules coat a bacterium that disguises the bacterium antigens for the immune system of an infant not to react to them is referred to as polysaccharides.