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What Is A Medical Laboratory

A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. Clinical laboratories are not the same as the research laboratories because they focus on applied science mainly on the production like basis an not on the basic science on an academic basis.

Laboratory medicine usually have two departments on which each unit will be divided into a number of different units. You can read more about the two departments below.

Anatomic pathology – the units under this department are the cytopathology, electron microscopy, and histopathology. A person can study each unit in a single course, academically. There are other courses that are related in this department and they are pathology, physiology, pathophysiology, and histology.

Clinical pathology that contains the following:

Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the other subunits included in this section.
The subspecialty which is the cytogenetics is also studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank are in this section.
The distribution of clinical laboratories to each health institutions will be different from place to place. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.

You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.

You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. That main task here involves the main concern with cultures, looking for the possible pathogens that will be identified more based on biochemical tests if found. A pathogen will also undergo a sensitivity test in order to find out if it is resistant or sensitive to a given medicine. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.

The types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, there are two main types of medical laboratories that will process most of the medical specimens. The laboratories that are attached to the hospitals will perform different tests for the patients. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. You can look into a website if you want to know more about medical laboratories.

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